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Ten years after Hurricane Katrina, there are now 100,000 fewer Blacks living in the city of New Orleans. Some will say this is due to a tragic hurricane and Blacks were evacuated because of the flood, and others say there was a conspiracy to eliminate the ninth ward. More African Americans owned their own homes in the ninth ward than any other community in the city, and now it has disappeared.

Many of these homes were fifty and sixty years old and many of the residents could go back 100 years to families that have lived in that community. Too many, this was an eye-sore and a blighted area in the city, but this was home to over 14,000 families and most of them Black. There were the typical problems of gangs, mom and pop businesses, drugs, violence, Black on Black crime, and marginalized education, but there was still history and everyone had a story.

Ten years ago, eighty percent of the city was destroyed by water, and there are two versions of the success of the rebuilding of New Orleans. Eighty percent of whites are satisfied with the rebuilding of their community, and the process is almost complete. On the other hand, sixty percent of Blacks believe the rebuilding process was a failure, and not much has changed in the ninth ward ten years post hurricane Katrina.

African Americans living in New Orleans since the storm argue that it is no accident that the poor and Blacks have missed the recovery. There is now a White mayor, Mitch Landrieu, the first in 32 years, and the city is attracting a young, educated, entrepreneurial class. There are new schools, two new medical centers, and now considered one of the fastest growing cities in America. With the help of billions of dollars in federal aid, and the levee system repaired, the city has rebounded and it has come roaring back.

But in the ninth ward, the community looks like a third world country where a bomb has exploded in the neighborhood. Less than forty percent of the residents have returned, and even lesser have been able to rebuild their homes. Since there’s no real reason to go  to that neighborhood, there is no reason to spend money and resources there.

To most Blacks in New Orleans, it appears there is a war on Blacks and the poor. Gentrification in New Orleans means that rents are rising, homes sales have increased, and there is a shortage of affordable housing. Blacks and the poor are being pushed out of the city, and there is a racial divide.

White residents are ecstatic about the recovery, businesses are growing with Mardi Gras, Bourbon Street, and the French Quarter is back as if nothing happened ten years ago. But in the Ninth Ward, nothing has changed in ten years, and the people living there are suffering. There are no supermarkets and businesses there, and the poor and seniors must take public transportation to shop for necessities.

On Thursday August 27th, President Obama returned back to New Orleans, and he told the truth about the recovery. Underneath the visible recovery lie persistent racial and economic inequalities that haven’t receded since the storm as the president traveled and spoke in the Ninth Ward.

“Our work here won’t be done when almost 40% of children still live in poverty in this city. That’s not a finished job. That’s not a full recovery. There’s still too many people who haven’t been able to come back home,” says the president.

President Obama can talk until he is blue in his face, but the community must come together to demand a change. If the mayor can find money to rebuild the White community, he can find money to rebuild the Black community. Nothing will change until the Black residents take a stand and demand change.


As the Black millennium generation introduces their Black Lives Matter movement to America, everyone is trying to understand their mission and goals. The organization has disrupted candidates’ presidential events, and held local die-in events to protest police brutality and the murder of young Black men. There appears to be a disjointed infrastructure and leadership with no concrete initiative and plan.

The movement is growing and cuts across cultural, racial, religious, gender, and age barriers. Main stream media can argue the definition and purpose of the movement, but everyone understands what they are saying when they state Black Lives Matter. Many feel that this organization is exclusive, and it should include other groups, but the leaders and the founders see their movement as a grass-roots change organization.

There is a network of 26 chapters around the country, and each local chapter is determining how they will engage politically. Some chapters are meeting with local candidates on local issues, and other groups are using disruptive tactics to stage crash-ins at national presidential candidates’ events. These are public displays of anger, and the older traditional civil rights African American groups don’t understand what the Black Lives Matter movement is trying to achieve.

Patrisse Cultors, a 31-year-old Fulbright scholar and former activist for prisoners’ rights, co-founded Black Lives Matter as a grass-roots response to police killings and other violent acts against inner-city Blacks. “This is a public display of the agony and anguish Black people feel on a daily basis, and many of you don’t have to see it or deal with it or go home to it, so we’re going to bring it to you” says Cultors.

Everyone is questioning their tactics, but these Black activists are popping up everywhere, and everyone is asking what do they want. They are at rallies, town halls, stopping candidates from speaking, and chanting “Say my Name.” As a result of their behavior or revolutionary valor, main stream media is interviewing the leaders and the participants and the movement is gaining attention.

Rather than throwing their support behind one candidate, movement leaders say they plan to keep the pressure on everyone. “There is no support for any of the candidates. Each candidate should expect to be held accountable. That is our political position in this current election cycle” says Elle Hearns, Strategic Partner in Black Lives Matter movement, in an interview with CNN’s, Ana Cabrers.

The Black Lives Matter is an internet political phenomenon which has the potential to get the millennium generation engaged in the political process. This movement has the ability to organize and mobilize the younger generation to get involved, and run for office. But before this organization can make a difference in Black American politics, it must create a policy statement with goals, objectives, and a mission.

As the infrastructure takes shape and the operating methodology is initiated, there is a need for financing. At this point the movement leaders and chapters are living on the fat of the land. Their accountability is to no one, but at some point and time, everyone will be forced to pay their bills. Black Lives Matter started as a social movement and it has evolved into a Black political organization.

To this point, President Obama has been hands-off and the organization has not disrupted any of his events. But the president is fair game and it is important that his security is heightened, because at any moment the movement can strike. It will be interesting to see how the president responds to the Black Lives Matter organization if/when they disrupt the president’s political events.

As the Presidential campaign heats up, there is no way that the Republican candidates can tell the truth. When President Obama won the election, the country was in one of the worse recessions in the history of the country. The country was heading in the direction of a depression and every industry was almost bankrupted, because of the Republicans.

These conditions were a result of President Bush’s doctrine, and the Republican backward ideology and thinking.  The country had spent billions of dollars on two wars, that we could not win, and the American citizens wanted our leaders to bring our troops back home. President Bush had bamboozled Americans by telling them there were weapons of mass destruction, and again a Republican was not telling the truth.

Maybe it is in the Republican DNA to not tell the truth, but they keep getting caught fabricating a story and not caring who finds out. The Republicans are caught in a time zone, when they could mistreat people by the color of their skin, and they believed this was ordained by God.

But in 2015, it is important that Republicans are held accountable to the truth, when their facts are wrong or they don’t match up with the truth. Every Republican candidate keeps telling their supporters that they are going to repeal the ACA with something better. Yet no one has presented a plan, and 12 million Americans have signed up for the ACA, and many of these Americans were not able to get insurance before.

Instead of spending all your time trying to destroy something that is working, maybe they can improve on the law. When Republicans say the ACA is killing jobs, but the facts according to the Labor Department since 2010 can document the economy has added 12 million jobs, maybe it is time for them to study the figures. Also the unemployment rate was 9.9% in 2010, and now the rate has fallen to 5.5% in July of 2015.

It is also time for the Republican candidates to start telling the truth about the success of President Obama’s administration. In 2013, an immigrant overhaul bill was passed in the Senate, but the House refused to put it on the floor for a vote. When Donald Trump said, “If it weren’t for me, you wouldn’t even be talking about illegal immigration,” he is wrong to think he has done anything to move the discussion forward.

Actually the Republicans have been talking about immigrant for the last 30 years, but nothing concrete has come out of the dialogue. But, President Obama has initiated a series of executive orders that will protect up to 5 million undocumented persons from deportation. Also under the president’s plan, certain undocumented persons can apply for work documents if their children are American citizens.

With 17 Republican candidates running for president, it appears they are going to spend their time arguing with each other. Without fact checkers, they will say anything, and it does not matter to them if it is true or false. They don’t like each other, and most of them have skeletons in the closet, which will be exposed.

The Republican presidential campaign will get uglier each month, because Donald Trump has turned the campaign into a personality contest. With Donald Trump as the front runner, there is no reason for him to respect the other candidates.

At this point, the Republican presidential campaign is the Donald Trump’s show. It is a comedy show, and the joke is on anyone who thinks the candidates are serious, and they care about making a difference in America.

There are 17 months left in President Obama’s time in office, and his legacy is a testimony of his worldview of diplomatic negotiations. During the past eight months, he has ended the isolation of Cuba, opened a dialogue with Venezuela, advanced a strategic trade deal with Asian countries, and cut a nuclear deal with Iran.

To the Republicans and certain countries around the world, they will spend their time looking for ways to discredit and oppose everything the president has done. “This agreement is a historic mistake for the world” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in a first reaction to the agreement. “Far reaching concessions have been made in all areas that were supposed to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons capability. In addition, Iran will receive hundreds of billions of dollars with which it can fuel its’ terror machine.”

Nothing in these statements is true and based on facts, but the Republicans will support the Israel prime minister before they will support their own president. Just based on the president’s achievements in the last eight months, it would appear that someone in the Republican Party would acknowledge the president’s successes. But instead of receiving congratulatory statements, the Republican leadership keeps saying the president is all wrong, and he is not doing anything right.

In a press conference last week, CBS White House correspondent, Major Garret, asked a question to the president that was disrespectful. President Obama chastised the reporter by calling the question nonsense, and told him, “You should know better.”

Garret said, “Can you tell the country, sir, why you are content with all the fanfare around this deal to leave the conscious of this nation, the strength of this nation, unaccounted for in relation to these four Americans?” the correspondent asked.

The president became visibly frustrated with the reporter, and explained that our diplomats are working every day to bring the four Americans home, and he did not want to tie the nuclear negotiations with their release. This reporter had crossed the line, and the president let him and the rest of the Republicans know that he is sick of their foolishness.

Nevertheless, numerous Republicans are threatening to scrap the nuclear agreement with Iran. But everyone in the West will benefit from this agreement because it will close off Iran’s path to a nuclear bomb. President Obama has made it clear to all his critics if they have a better plan, they should submit it because the military option is off the table. The critics have been wrong from the very beginning with the nuclear deal, and now that the president has completed the deal, the critics are still talking.

“Instead of stopping the spread of nuclear weapons in the Middle East, this deal is likely to fuel a nuclear arms race around the world” says Boehner. “Obama has adopted a flawed perspective to the talks reaching the best deal accepted to Iran, rather than actually advancing our national goals of ending Iran’s nuclear program” says Senate Majority Leader, Republican Mitch McConnell.

Again, based on no facts to substantiate these claims, our Republican leaders are talking foolishness. The magnitude of problems in the world should force the Republicans to be thoughtful and make sense. But when Donald Trump is leading the Republican Party for the office of president in 2016, no one in the party is thinking anything but foolishness and a good show.

A rocky road lies ahead for the nuclear deal as it is considered by US lawmakers. If Americans would stop listening to the negative Republican foolishness and chit-chat, they would understand how the president is transforming the world. In 2008, President Obama promised Americans that his administration would re-establish our relationship as a world power, and he is bringing it to fruition in 2015.

As America grapples with the murder of 9 Blacks in Charleston, SC, President Obama is sick and tired of the violence with guns in this country. In Chicago, during the 4th of July holiday, there were 14 citizens killed with guns and 82 injured with gunshots. Violence with guns is a pervasive sickness in our society, and firearms must be removed from the streets.

Americans think gun ownership is a right guaranteed by the second amendment, and nothing can ever change with firearms. But in 2015, there is a solution to gun violence, and it begins by making gun ownership heavily regulated and tightly controlled by the law. At the present time in America, there are 270 million guns legally in circulation and the number of illegal guns being used is off the charts.

“I’ve had to make statements like this too many times because someone who wanted to inflict harm had no trouble getting their hands on a gun. Now is the time for mourning and for healing. But let’s be clear; at some point, we as a country will have to reckon with the fact that this type of mass violence does not happen in other advanced countries,” says President Obama.

In Japan and Switzerland there are .05% deaths by guns per 100,000 people and citizens and their families feel safe when they travel around the country. In the United States there are 5.0% per 100,000 deaths by guns and that number is increasing. The police admit at this point they cannot control the gun violence in the inner cities, and it is an epidemic.

Gangs and thugs control certain neighborhoods in the inner cities, and problems are resolved by killing. Everyone is carrying a gun and most of them are illegal. Guns are a way of life in the inner cities, and at any time you can be killed for flashing the wrong gang symbol.

With America’s fixation on guns, supporters think everyone in the country should own a gun and they should be taught to shoot at an early age. This kind of thinking is creating a battle ground in the streets, and vigilante groups are stock-piling weapons for a domestic war. Guns have become a public safety issue in certain communities, and the police have lost control.

In order for the police to win back the streets, gun ownership must be heavily registered and tightly controlled by the law. In China and Japan, private citizens are not allowed to possess guns and firearms, and penalties for arm trafficking is imprisonment for 14 years, and includes death. Guns can be used by law enforcement, the military and paramilitary, and security personnel protecting property of state importance, financial institutions, storage of resources, and scientific research institutions.

There are very few exceptions to these laws, and the citizens understand that public safety is the reason for these rules. It is time for America to catch up with other advanced countries of the world, and not let millions of American in public carry guns and firearms. Citizens, parents, children, seniors, and families should not have to worry if the person openly carrying a firearm in public is a good guy, or a nut.

It is time for the Second Amendment to be repealed or changed, to reflect the realities of today. There are 325 million Americans trying to live together in harmony and safe communities. All firearms and guns should be prohibited in public, and laws should be strictly enforced, and followed. Americans can stop gun violence and mass killings if we follow countries around the world where gun violence is not a problem.

The African American community has been decimated economically, educationally, and socially for the last three decades. There is a 20 to 30 year plan in most of the downtown areas based on gentrification, and the Black community will be moved and forced out of their neighborhoods. In these urban areas, the rents and value of properties will increase, and most African Americans will be priced out of these upper level communities.

In order to eliminate generations of African Americans in these urban cities, everything was initiated by the War on Drugs. The War on Drugs was a justification of police brutality, violence, and mandatory minimums that resulted in the mass incarceration of Black men. The War on Drugs created a permanent underclass of mainly Black men, who virtually cannot find gainful employment, and also can’t vote because of felony convictions.

Nancy Gertner, a formal federal judge, is one of the first judges to come forward and admit, the War on Drugs devastated the Black community, and was a complete failure. In an article in The Atlantic, Gertner compared the War on Drugs to the bombing of European cities in World War II.

“This is a war that I saw destroy lives. It eliminated a generation of African American men, covered our racism in ostensibly neutral guidelines and mandatory minimums and created an intergenerational problem. We know that the sons and daughters of the people we sentenced are in trouble, and are in trouble with the criminal system, and 80% percent of my 500 convictions handed down were unfair,” says ex-Judge Gertner.

In her article, Gertner also compared the condition of the Black community to post-war Europe. According to Gertner, the Black community needs a large-scale redevelopment effort to recover from the War on Drugs, which effectively became a war on Black people. In every major city in America in 2015, there is a deployment of military vehicles and gear, with more Black people being killed or imprisoned every day.

Mass incarceration is a direct result of the War on Drugs, and Ex-Judge Gartner argues that the Black community in America needs a radical plan, or a big idea to recovery. Gartner believes that the disproportionately high level of incarceration of Black men makes it almost impossible for the African American community to improve its condition without help from the federal government.

Gartner is calling on President Obama and his administration to implement a plan something like a “Marshall Plan” in the Black community. After World War II, the Marshall Plan helped to rebuild the major cities in Europe. The goal of the plan, whose official name was “the European Recovery Program”, was to rebuild the war devastated regions with modern industries, improve the transportation infrastructure, and make Europe prosperous again. The plan cost the United States $13 billion in the forties, but today it would have cost $120 billion.

The urban cities have been devastated by the drug wars and mass incarceration, and president Obama has failed to develop a plan specifically designed to improve the condition of Black America. In the cities gentrification is bringing middle class Whites back to the urban areas, and Black folks are being pushed out. Judges and politicians are beginning to speak out about the unfair treatment of Black Americans in cities.

Black urban America will never change or improve until there is a plan focused on the recovery and the rehabilitation of Black communities. The plan would have to be initiated and spearheaded by the president and it would cost billions of dollars. The Marshal plan for Black America is a great idea, but more of our leaders need to start talking to make this a reality.

The murder of 9 Blacks in Charleston, SC is an indicator that race is a challenge in America, and violence is an answer for certain members of the society. Dylann Roof, a devout White racist, believed that his mission on earth was to liberate his race from the domination of other cultures. From his perspective, it was his duty to obliterate Blacks in America by any means necessary.

Many Whites in America will admit that there are vestiges of hate and discrimination in about 40% of their race, but only 10% are extreme.  Basically, most Whites in America would argue that they are not racist, and they treat all members of the country as children of God. But, almost 70% of Americans live in segregated communities, and very few interact regularly with people of a different race or economic level.

The Republican Party is 95% White, and a large majority of its members support the Tea Party, or certain aspects of their platform. The Tea Party is a grassroots movement of conservatives who believe in the true American spirit where gun ownership is sacred, and the government must be downsized. They argue that White privilege is the foundation of their party, and White people are a superior race.

The 10% of White extremist racists operate from the Tea Party platform. This is a maniacal mindset, and they believe they are at war with Blacks and other races. They believe that the White race in America will no longer be the dominate culture in the country, and the world; therefore, they must fight.

As this reality becomes statistically factually, Whites are forming vigilante and violent groups whose sole purpose is to obliterate and initiate war on other races. These organizations are buying weapons focused on race destruction, and Black people are at the top of the list. They believe that the Black race is an inferior species, and we no longer understand our position in relationship to the White race.

This deranged thinking is sick, but in these secret organizations, this is the normal mindset of the members. Dylann Roof was a product of these violent secret organizations, and on June 17, 2015, he decided to be a martyr to their cause. People of good will can never understand the motivation and thinking of this act, but there are images which explain and justify his sick thinking.

To begin with, there is the Confederate flag which represents slavery and the subjugation of the Black race in America. For over a hundred and sixty five years, White people have acted as if the Confederate flag stood for something good. But in truth, it represented systemic oppression, radical racism, rape and torture.

Yet in 2015, White people still want to have a discussion about the merits of the flag, and many feel that the flag should not offend anyone. The flag represents the dehumanization and the enslavement of Black people in America, and this is the reason that people like Dylann Roof think they must make war on American Blacks.

Radical White people like Dylann Roof use symbols of hate to fuel the mission of their violent organizations. There is a race war going on in America, and I wonder who is protecting Black women, men and children. The pervasive sickness is not going to stop until there is control of guns, and violent organizations are brought to justice.

Dylann Roof is not an accident; he is a mirror of the violence in America. Symbols of hate must be challenged when they are exposed, and radical racism must be eradicated. You are either part of the solution or part of the problem.

There are hundreds of thousands of Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republican that face the threat of deportation. Many of these people and families have lived in the Dominican Republic for generations, and they are essentially Dominicans. There are contradictory statements from the Dominican leaders, but this new plan/law could impact over 500,000 people living in the Dominican Republic.

If the political leaders in the Dominican Republic follow through with their deportation plans, hundreds of thousands Haitian Dominicans will be made stateless, without homes, passports, and no civil rights. According to the ruling, Dominicans born after 1929 to parents who are not of Dominican ancestry are to have their citizenship revoked.

Many Americans and people around the world are not aware that there are two countries, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, that habitat the same island. The majority of the people in the Dominican Republic are mulattos (brown), and the Haitians are dark skinned (black). For over one hundred years, there has been an intense hatred for each other, and Haitians in the Dominican Republican are treated as second class citizens.

In the Dominican Republic, Haitian Dominicans are denied job opportunities, public education, bank accounts, health care, and protection under the law. They can be picked up and arrested by the police for any reason, and be beaten and jailed without a court trial. In February, a young man was lynched in a public park in Santiago, and the authorities and police ruled out racism.

On June 18, 2015, Army General, Ruben Paulino was suppose to start the expulsion and deportation of people who don’t have proof of application. On the other hand, Andres Navarro, the foreign minister, says they will wait until August to start deportation.

This is the largest horrific humanitarian crisis in the Western hemisphere, and very few reporters in the media are engaged in the story. The United States has denounced the Dominican government for this plan, and pointed out that it is a gross violation of human rights. But after this statement, everyone is waiting to see if President Obama will follow up with a strong condemnation from the United Nations and the United States.

At this point, everything is quiet around the world with human rights groups, except in Little Haiti in Miami. A group of about 50 demonstrators in Miami held a rally, and called upon the United States to intervene in the deportation plan in the Dominican Republic.

“We are asking President Obama and the United States government to intervene and take sanctions against the Dominican Republic. We are asking the Dominican Republic to stop deportations to Haiti right now. We are asking the U.N. to join and take sanctions. And we ask, if there are any possible deportations for people who are not supposed to be in the Dominican Republic, that they are done humanely” says Marleine Bastien, executive director of Haitian Women of Miami.

The fundamental reason for this deportation plan is “ethnic cleansing” or white supremacy. When a group of people are delegated to a position of second class citizenship in a country because of the color of their skin, that is racism.

Black people in America and around the world have a responsibility to speak out against injustices at their backdoor. It is unfair to deport people who have lived in a country for generations because of the color of their skin.

If President Obama allows this deportation plan to continue, the Dominican Haitians have nowhere to go. They will end up in refugee camps with hundreds of thousands of people. There will be disease epidemics, and war rapes, with a spike in HIV. There will be more orphaned children and widows with more horrendous consequences.

As the summer heats up in America, the reality of racism must be discussed and acknowledged as a problem in the country. With the death and killing of Black men and women, race can no longer be ignored as a problem that has been fixed or disappeared during the Obama presidency. Racism is systemic and fundamental to the history of the United States, and the treatment of Blacks and people of color has not fundamentally changed in 2015. White supremacy makes the rules, and everyone is expected to follow.

Recent events with the police killing of Black men such as Freddie Gray and Mike Brown confirm that the master-slave relationship exists in Black communities around the country. The police act as overseers, which was the central focus of control during slavery. This mind set is pervasive in every urban police department in the country, and their job is to protect the means of production.

America was founded on the chattel enslavement of Blacks for hundreds of years, and now people in power want the subject of racism to just disappear. White folks want this horrific chapter in the social construct of the country to be a secret that no one talks about or discusses. But the shooting and murder of young Black men is demonstrating that the criminal justice system collaborates with the police force to maintain violence against Blacks, the poor, and people of color.

As young Blacks all around the country protest for justice, people in power asks the question “What do they want?” When First Lady, Michelle Obama speaks at a commencement address and tells the truth with her experiences of racism as the first family, she is considered bitter and angry.

“And I know that theses little indignities are obviously nothing compared to what folks across the country are dealing with every single day – those nagging worries that you’re going to get stopped or pulled over for absolutely no reason; the fear that your job application will be overlooked because of the way your name sounds; the agony of sending your kids to schools that may no longer be separate, but are far from equal; the realization that no matter how far you rise in life, how hard you work to be a good person, a good parent, a good citizen – for some folks, it will never be enough” says Michelle Obama.

Mrs. Obama is not saying that Blacks cannot succeed, and many are achieving great things, but racism is embedded in the system, and everyone must work for a comprehensive and fundamental change. When Cpl. Eric Casebolt, an officer in the McKinney Texas Police Department pulls out his gun on a group of African American youth, and restrains a 15 year old young lady by pushing her face into the ground, there is something wrong with the system.

Everyone who is Black in America knows that they are treated differently because of the color of their skin. Racism is a reality of living in this country, and it is not going to change as a result of a Black president, Black mayors or Black school superintendents. It was designed to control the majority of a race of people, and it still operates with the same goal today.

America has never been the home of the free and brave to African Americans in this country. Blacks have always been considered second class citizens, and white folks receive the privileges. Race has a deep, dark history, and no one wants to talk about the inhumane treatment of the Black race. The expectation in 2015 is racism is a secret, and everyone is supposed to believe that chapter of American history is closed, and it is time for Blacks to get over it.

As America waits on pins and needles for the Supreme Court’s decision on the Affordable Care Act (ACA), in the case King vs. Burwell. The decision could end subsidies in every state in the country, whose insurance exchanges are run by the federal government. If the Supreme Court rules in favor of the plaintiff over 8 million Americans will be affected, and ACA will be dismantled as we know it.

The majority of Americans don’t even know that there is a King vs. Burwell case, which will be decided by the Supreme Court, and could take away your healthcare that you now receive through the ACA. Most Americans have no understanding the power that the Justices on the Supreme Court have with their pens, but most people think they are smart senior citizens, who walk around wearing a black robe.

The King vs. Burwell case was a result on July 22, 2014, two federal appeals courts issued competing rulings on the states’ insurance exchange subsidies issue. According to the challengers, the ACA limits its financial assistance to states that establish their own insurance exchanges. They argue that the ACA only authorizes subsidies to people who enrolled through an exchange established by their state.

The staffers and lawmakers who wrote the law think that reasoning is illogical and ridiculous. “It was always intended that the federal fallback exchange would do everything that the statute told the states to do, which includes delivering the subsidies,” says Chris Condeluci, who worked as tax and benefits counsel to the Senate Finance Committee Republicans during the ACA debate.

But lawyers are always looking for loopholes and ambiguous statements in laws, and President Obama left this section of the law open to interpretation. No one really knows how the Supreme Court will rule on this case. Many of the constitutional experts are predicting that the court will decide 6-3 to uphold the ACA subsidies.

There are four liberal justices; Sotomayor/ Breyer/ Kagon/ Ginsberg who will support the ACA, because they believe it will give greater access to healthcare to all Americans. On the other side there are the conservative justices; Ailto/ Scalia/ Thomas, who spend their time tearing down the president’s initiatives, and probably argue that the ACA is too expensive and just too confusing.

Finally there is Kennedy and Roberts, who are in the middle, and they will decide if the ACA subsidies are upheld. Kennedy doesn’t like the notion that the federal government would force the states to set up their own exchanges or lose subsidies. If all Americans are to benefit from the ACA, Kennedy argues that the federal government should step in and do what the states refused to do, who did not accept the insurance exchanges. Many think Roberts would agree and the ACA would not be destroyed.

But, all bets are off, because the federal government thought that the states would all jump at the idea, that they could receive billions from the federal government to improve healthcare.

ACA’s architect, Jonathan Gruber said, “I guess I’m enough of a believer in democracy to think that when the voters in states see that by not setting up an exchange, the politicians in the state are costing state residents hundreds of millions and billions of dollars that they throw the guys out. But I don’t know that for sure. Will people understand that, if your governor doesn’t set up an exchange, you’re losing hundreds of millions of dollars of tax credits to be delivered to your citizens?”

Americans will have to wait and see if the senior citizens who walk around in the black robes are really that smart.